Hans Heinrich Müller’s Abspannwerk in Berlin-Wilhelmsruh

In this mini-series, I gather photos of the architecture made by Hans Heinrich Müller (1879-1951). The work of this man is too forgotten, although he was the mastermind behind dozens of Electricity Stations which were constructed in the 1920s and early 1930s. In despite of the industrial intentions of the buildings, Müller’s usage of red bricks in odd shapes and eccentric ornaments gave the creations something magic. The Abspannwerk Wilhelmsruh may be the best example for this. Making an estimation which of Müller’s constructions are the biggest is hard, but in my perception it was this unit. Now, take a look how many different views you can still get from this cathedral…

Abspannwerk Wilhelmsruh (1925/26)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Wilhelmsruh. (Berlin-Wilhelmsruh, photo from the 1920s)Front view of Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh. (March 2014, photo by Joep).Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep). Side-view 1Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep). View up, when in the courtyard.Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep). View down, when inside the staircase. Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep). Side-view from the Back.Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep). Backside view.Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep). Details at the back-side.Front view of Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh (March 2014, photo by Joep).

The control room of Umspannwerk Berlin-Wilhelmsruh

Control panel at the control room of Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh Wall of details at the control room of Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh.

Details in the control room of Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh

Details for the Umspannwerk at Idastraße at the control room of Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh Detail at the control room of Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh Detail at the control room of Umspannwerk, Berlin-Wilhelmsruh.

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Hans Heinrich Müller in Charlottenburg. The Umspannwerk Leibniz.

In this mini-series, I gather photos of the architecture made by Hans Heinrich Müller (1879-1951). The work of this man is too forgotten, although he was the mastermind behind dozens of Electricity Stations which were constructed in the 1920s and early 1930s. Today: the famous Ummspannwerk Leibniz!

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Leibniz under construction (Berlin-Charlottenburg, April 1928)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Leibniz under construction (Berlin-Charlottenburg, August 1928)Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Leibniz (Berlin-Charlottenburg)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Leibniz. Details. (Berlin-Charlottenburg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

 

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Leibniz. Details (Berlin-Charlottenburg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Leibniz, details. (Berlin-Charlottenburg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller’s buildings in Prenzlauer Berg.

In this mini-series, I gather photos of the architecture made by Hans Heinrich Müller (1879-1951). The work of this man is too forgotten, although he was the mastermind behind dozens of electricity stations which were constructed in the 1920s and early 1930s. Müller’s usage of red bricks in odd shapes and eccentric ornaments are somewhat mesmerising and have something magic. To remember his work, I wandered around the dynamic district of Prenzlauer Berg with a camera. The result is exhibited here!

Abspannwerk Humboldt (1924-26)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Humboldt. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Humboldt. Door at the Kopenhagener Strasse. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Humboldt. Front-side details. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Humboldt. View from the Kopenhagener Strasse. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Humboldt. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, 1925)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Humboldt. View from the Sonnenburger Straße. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müllers Umspannwerk Humboldt. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, photo from the 1920s)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Humboldt. View from the Sonnenburger Strasse. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)


Umformwerk Prenzlauer Allee (1926)

 Hans Heinrich Müller's Umformwerk Prenzlauer Allee. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umformwerk Prenzlauer Allee (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umformwerk Prenzlauer Allee. Details. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Umformwerk Prenzlauer Allee. Details (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

 

 

 

 


 


Netzstation Arnimplatz (1926/27)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Netzstation Arnimplatz (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser) Hans Heinrich Müller's Netzstation Arnimplatz.(Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)


Stützpunkt Marienburger Straße (1927)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Stutzpunkt Marienburger Strasse (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, photo from 1929)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Stützpunkt Marienburger Straße. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Stützpunkt Marienburger Straße. A rounded corner. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Stutzpunkt Marienburger Strasse (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, photo from 1927)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Stützpunkt Marienburger Straße. Backside. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)
Abspannwerk Marienburg (1927/28)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Marienburg, under construction (Berlin 1927-28) Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Marienburg (Berlin 1927-28)

 Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Details.(Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Details at the courtyard's ceiling. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Between the two buildings. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Details at the courtyard (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Details at the courtyard. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Old details at the courtyard. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Marienburg. Backside. (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller. Two buildings in Kreuzberg.

In the upcoming mini-series, I gather photos of the architecture made by Hans Heinrich Müller (1879-1951). The work of this man is too forgotten, although he was the mastermind behind dozens of Electricity Stations which were constructed in Berlin’s 1920s and early 1930s. The Umspannwerk Kreuzberg is the first of his buildings that catched my attention. In later days, it happened often that I was researching a peculiar building that I’ve seen briefly and (once again) used to be an original Müller. Clear as the day, it’s time to hunt and collect his work once and for all!

Umspannwerk Kreuzberg (Paul-Lincke-Ufer, 1924-26)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Kreuzberg. Photo from the 1920s.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk at the Paul-Lincke-Ufer (Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk at the Paul-Lincke-Ufer (Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk Kreuzberg at the Paul-Lincke-Ufer. Photo from the 1920s.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer (now Paul-Lincke-Ufer). Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser. Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer (now Paul-Lincke-Ufer) Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer (now Paul-Lincke-Ufer), detail. Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser. Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer (now Paul-Lincke-Ufer). Front-side. Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer (now Paul-Lincke-Ufer). Detail. Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser. Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer (now Paul-Lincke-Ufer. Details at the courtyard. Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser. Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kottbusser Ufer. Detail. Berlin-Kreuzberg, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser.

 

Umspannwerk Bergmannstraße (1929)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Umspannwerk at the Bergmannstrasse under construction (Berlin-Kreuzberg, 1929)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kreuzberg (Bergmannstraße). March 2014, photo by Joep de Visser.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kreuzberg (Bergmannstraße) March 2014, photo by Joep de Visser.Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kreuzberg (Bergmannstraße) Details. March 2014, photo by Joep de Visser.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Abspannwerk Kreuzberg (Bergmannstraße). Details. March 2014, photo by Joep de Visser.

Hans Heinrich Müller’s Kraftwerk in Berlin-Moabit.

In the upcoming mini-series, I gather photos of the architecture made by Hans Heinrich Müller (1879-1951). The work of this man is too forgotten, although he was the mastermind behind dozens of Electricity Stations which were constructed in the 1920s and early 1930s. My last post ended with Müller employee -the municipality of Steglitz- being gobbled up by the German capital in 1920…

…In the summer of 1921, Müller got an administrative job at City Council of Berlin-Neukölln. His agreement gave him security for the next twelve years, but Müller broke the contract in 1924 already. That same summer, he was hired by the Berliner Städtische Elektrizitätswerke Akt.-Gesellschaft (Berlin’s City Electricity Fabrics Stock Society) or BEWAG in short. Clearly, Hans Heinrich Müller must have felt bored in his previous years. From the summer of 1929 till1929, Müller builded around the fourty electricity works. Müller’s first assignment for the BEWAG was the expansion of the Kohlekraftwerk Moabit, a coal power plant in a working class district.

Kohlekraftwerk Moabit (1924/25)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kraftwerk Moabit (Berlin-Moabit, April 2014, photo by Joep de Visser) Hans Heinrich Müller's Kraftwerk Moabit. (Berlin-Moabit, April 2014, photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kraftwerk Moabit. Details. (Berlin-Moabit, April 2014, photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kraftwerk Moabit. View from the side (Berlin-Moabit, April 2014, photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kraftwerk Moabit. Details (Berlin-Moabit, April 2014, photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller in Steglitz. The start of an architect (1909-1919)

In the upcoming mini-series, I gather photos of the architecture made by Hans Heinrich Müller (1879-1951). The work of this man is too forgotten, although he was the mastermind behind dozens of Electricity Transformer Stations which were constructed in the 1920s. Müller’s usage of red bricks in odd shapes and eccentric ornaments have something magic, even oriental. It happened already five times to me, that I was researching a peculiar building I’ve seen somewhere in Berlin and (once again) used to be an original Müller. Clear as the day, it’s time to research his work once and for all.

Yet, Müller didn’t get the assignment to build transformer stations straight away. He had to work for it earlier. Müller’s career started with the construction of the ‘Landhaus Scheringer‘ (a residential house in Zehlendorf) in 1906/7, followed by projects in the countryside around Berlin and in other parts of Germany. His breakthrough as an architect came in 1909/10, when he worked as the Gemeindebaumeister (±Building supervisor) of Berlin’s suburb named Steglitz. In this function, Müller was responsible for all public buildings that were to be constructed. In this period, Müller planned four buildings for the municipal of Steglitz himself. On the first sight, the three schools (1909 – 1911/12) are different than the brick electricity work (1910), the financial office (1911/12) and the Wasserturm (1915/1919). However, when you keep an eye to the ornaments, one will find these details back in his later work.

The ‘Gemeindedoppelschule’ (1909)
Müllers first public assignment was the construction of a ‘Municipal Double School’ in 1909. After all, the urbanisation made that the population of the Berlin suburb was booming. Müller was inspired by a country houses around Berlin. The two entrances, with sculptures of Hans Lehmann-Borges, separated the boys from the girls. These sculptures have been damaged during World War II, when the school was used by the Nazi’s. Here, they shot several Soviet Union’s prisoners of war as well as imprisoned civilians. Nowadays, the school still serves its original function.

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Hans Heinrich Müller's 'Gemeindedoppelschule' at the Markusplatz. Details. (Berlin-Steglitz, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

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Gemeindekraftwerk Birkbuschstraße (1910/11)
In April 1910, the city council of Steglitz decided to construct an electricity-works to attract more industry. The coals, which were burnt to produce the electricity, were transported over nearby Teltowkanal (Teltow’s canal) – which also provided the cooling-water. Interestingly, Müller’s design was based on the Chorin monastery in the countryside around Berlin. Typically for Müller, the estate has a variety of forms and heights. However, the same type of bricks (‘Rathenower Handstrichziegel, or: bricks from the town of Rathenau) are used, while a row of white bricks underneath the gutter unifies the whole complex.

Hans Heinrich Müller's Elektrizitätswerk (Berlin-Steglitz, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Elektrizitätswerk in Berlin-Steglitz, Birkbuschstraße. Details. (Berlin-Steglitz, March 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Hans Heinrich Müller's Elektrizitätswerk Steglitz in Berlin-Steglitz, Birkbuschstraße.OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Hans Heinrich Müller's Elektrizitätswerk Steglitz in Berlin-Steglitz. Backside. Photo from 1989. ©Paul Kahlfeldt
Steuerverwaltungsgebäude Steglitz (1911/12)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Lyzeum (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Steuerverwaltungsgebäude Steglitz. Details at the entrance. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Steuerverwaltungsgebäude Steglitz. Details. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

 

 

 

 

Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Lyzeum (1911/12)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Lyzeum (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Lyzeum. Details. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

 

Hans Heinrich Müller's Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Lyzeum. Finest details. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

 

 

 

 


Gemeinderealschule Steglitz (1911/12)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Gemeinde-Doppelschule. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser) Hans Heinrich Müller's Gemeinde-Doppelschule. Details. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)
Gemeinderealschule Sachsenwaldstraße (1913/14)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Gemeinderealschule Sachsenwaldstraße. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)Hans Heinrich Müller's Gemeinderealschule Sachsenwaldstraße. Entrance's details. (Berlin-Steglitz, April 2014. Photo by Joep de Visser)

 

Wasserturm Steglitz (1915-1919)

Hans Heinrich Müller's Wasserturm Steglitz at the Friedhof Steglitz. Photo from 1914.

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Müller served as a lieutenant at the Eastern front during the First World War. He was injured in 1915, after which he was given a more relaxing job as an observer for captive ballons. World War #1 made that it took till 1919 to finish the Wasserturm. The water tower was constructed in order to secure the independency of Steglitz. Ironically, it was gobbled up by the German capital a year after the Wasserturm opened. For Müller, it meant that it was his last assignment as being the Gemeindebaumeister for the municipal of Steglitz…

Thanks to Dan Borden (my friend and former colleague at Exberliner) who wrote an eye-opening column about Hans Heinrich Müller. In addition, I want to further recommand the publication Die Logik der Form. Berliner Backsteinbauten von Hans Heinrich Müller by Paul Kahlfeldt.